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Interpretation of the Gospel of Luke and the Gospel of Jovanu- Sv.Teofilakt Ohridski

We do not know for certain what kind of origin was holy Apostle and Evangelist Luke. He was born in Antioch and therefore stabilize the opinion that St. Luka towards its origin was a pagan who received Judaism. It is assumed that by profession a doctor, a church tradition adds that he was also a painter. St. Luke belongs Seventy Christ's disciples. Ancient legend testifies that he and Cleopas answered risen Lord (Lk. 24, 1333). From the book of Acts it is clear that, starting from the second voyage of St. the apostle Paul, Luke became his permanent satrudnik and almost inseparable companion, not leaving it even when ap. Paul was in chains. There is evidence that, after the death of the Apostle Paul, of St. Luke preached and died a martyr's death in Achaia. Luke wrote his Gospel at the request of a prominent man, "Noble Theophilus" who lived in Antioch, for which he later wrote the book of Acts. According to the opinion among researchers, the Gospel was written in Rome, and it is very likely that it could be later than 62 AD. St. Luke has been used not only to stories of eyewitnesses, but also some written testimonies of the Lord's life and teachings, which had already existed. According to his own words, these oracles and the written testimonies were subjected of thorough research, which is why the gospel characterized by high accuracy in the determination of time and place of the event, and in strict chronological consistency. From ancient times to preserve the claim that Luke's Gospel approved St. Paul. FIRST CHAPTER 14. Since many pokušapi expose the story of the events that took place among us, as we delivered those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the Word [Logos], whose thoughts, having examined the true from the beginning, in order to write to you, noble Theophilus, that you know the foundation of those things you've learned. Who were they, who have tried? False apostles, because they are just putting together many of the gospel such as, for example, the Gospel of the Egyptians and what "the Twelve". They just tried to, but not the end. Since they were started without the grace of God, they were not finished. Accordingly, the harbor is well said: "Many have tried." Indeed they are few, and such as Matthew and Mark, who not only attempted, but the end, because they had the Holy Spirit, which all perform. The events that occurred, he says, because what applies to Christ is not only simple and mere legend, but it is true, completely reliable and fully can be proved. Tell me, Luka, how can this be proved? The way how we handed those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses, who were the apostles and ministers of the Logos, who from the beginning have I been with Christ and have their eyes watching what Christ has done. Hence it is obvious that Luke was a student from the very beginning, but that it later became, because the other guys were students from the very beginning, Peter and Andrew, and the sons of Zebedee, and others (Matthew 4, 1822); They handed him what he had not even seen or heard. Do you know the foundation of those things you've learned. I believe that this has two meanings. One is this: first, you, Theophilus, taught without record, and now, when you teach the word recorded in the Gospel, we determine your thought that he would not forget what I told you verbally [came. "Unwritten"] surrendered. Others, however, is this: we, the people, we have a custom that when we have a word of mouth, we suspect that we might talk and lies. However, when you write down what he was talking about, we believe that, when you do not make sure to tell the truth, I would not even want to write it down. So says the Evangelist: therefore I wrote the Gospel that with greater confidence preserve what I am and verbally taught, having more confidence in me now, when I am so convinced of what I and verbally instructed you to teach in writing. Look at the expression that you know [knots. το επιγοσ], because he said, "to know" but "to recognize", that is, to gain twice the knowledge and reliable assurance that I'm not lying. 5. At the time of Herod, King of the Jews, Bejas a priest of the order Avijina named Zechariah, and nješva wife of the daughters of Aaron, called Elizabeth. he also mentioned Herod's reign, because, on the one hand, I wanted to narrates in the tradition of the prophets, as they began like this: in the days of Ahaz, and Hezekiah, and such and such (v. Isa. 1: 1), the following occurred; On the other hand, as if to speak about Christ, Herod mentioned, to show that Christ had come in the time of Herod. This Irod Namely, emperor at a time when, according to the prophecy Jacob (1. Ex. 49 and 10), disappeared Kneževi originating from the Judas tribe, thus proving that the come then Christ. This achieves another goal: When you talk about the weather, shows the truth of the Gospel, for those who want it, give power to, and based on the time period examined and discover the truth of the Gospel. It is proper to start from Zechariah and of John's birth. Because he intends to speak of Christ's birth and that John was the forerunner of Christ, is proper, prior to the birth of Christ, tells the story of John's birth, since it is supposed to Virgin birth, This is not [John's] birth was not deprived of the grace of miracles has established that bore the older woman, who was already an old woman, contrary to natural laws, though (started) from her husband. What do the words of the order Avijina? Some believe that there were two priests, who have alternated in worship, ie. which are used interchangeably, and that one was named Abijah, Zechariah and others. Since, therefore, ended Avijina service činodejstvovao Zacharias. It seems, however, that is not so; Namely, when the temple was finished, Solomon has found and worship, which were weekly. Thus, for example, one week, by kopēja sons, other Asaph following Abijah, and thereafter another party (v. 2 days. 8 and 14). Consequently, when he says that Zacharias was of the order Avijina, it seems that time shows that Zechariah commit a crime in Avijinoj week, instead he began to speak after Avijine week, because then i said after the order Avijina. Now, however, when told of the order Avijina, shows that he was out of order and Avijinog week. Wanting to show that John was on both sides of the priesthood was legally generation, he said, his wife of the daughters of Aaron, because it was not allowed to take the wife of another, but precisely from this tribe. The name "Elizabeth", as interpreted, means "rest of God", and Zechariah "remembrance of the Lord." 6. A guys were both righteous before God often happens that some are fair, but not before God, but only apparently and men. These were Pretečini parents and, therefore, were righteous before God. I lived through all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord's spotless. Commandments are "do not commit adultery," "do not steal", while regulation [Gk. "Δικαιωματα" Slavonic "is more justified"], for example, when the curse of their father or mother, to execute (2 MoJcA. 21; 17), because it is just to [spasm. δικαιον]. Understand, however, that the command can be called a decree [ "more justified"], because it makes a man righteous and more is "justifiable God." In that day, God will judge us keeping the commandments as management and as some colorful Regulation [written "more justified"], because he said: if I had not come and spoken to them, they would not sin have (Jn. 15, 22) and again: the word that I talk, it will judge him in the last day (Jn. 12, 48). Why is saying, after all commands, and seamlessly added? Listen to the following. It often happens that many people act according to the law of God, but as it was only to be seen of men, and for that reason are not flawless. Zechariah, though, flawlessly executing orders, because they can not form a why to please people. 7. I Nemaha children, because Elizabeth was barren, and both guys were already advanced in years. Women just, and righteous women were often childless, so you understand that the law does not require a multitude of physical, but a multitude of spiritual children. Guys were both already old, and physically and mentally, because they are mentally aged, ie, advanced, placing ushođenje in the heart (v. Ps. 83: 6) and had his whole life as a day, not a night, walking fairly as per brightness (v. Rom. 13; 12:13). 9-10. And it came to pass, when he ministered according to the order from God to the priesthood as usual falls in his part to enter into the temple of the Lord and tubs. And all the multitude of the people was praying outside during incense. Only clean bathtubs and sveštenodejstvuju before God, and of God unclean discourages his face. When it was his turn to smoke? undoubtedly, at the time of purification, when only the high priest entered the Holy of Holies, that we have learned the following: as the high priest, he entered the Holy of Holies, got the fruit, so the Lord Jesus, the only large true hierarch, he entered into the sanctuary holy place, that is. vaznevši the body to Heaven, got the fruits of their reporting to our own body of adoption [God] and salvation. 11. And he is an angel of the Lord stood on the right side of the altar of incense. Angel is not revealed to everyone, but only those with a pure heart, as it was, and Zechariah. It is said that the altar [altar] was incense, because there are other altar for svespaljenice, where they burned victims. 12-14. I confuse the Zechariah saw him, and fear fell upon him. And the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias, because your prayer has been answered: and thy wife Elizabeth will give birth to your son, and shalt call his name John. I will have joy and gladness, and MNOs will rejoice at his birth. Zechariah was confused because uncommon overthrows and can scare even the sacred. Angel, however, intercepted clouding, as everywhere in this discern divine visions of demonic: if the idea at first obscure, but then calms down and soon dispel the fear, then the vision is truly divine. If, however, increase the fear and dismay, then seeing demonic. Which is why the angel said, hear the prayer of yours, and your wife Elizabeth will give birth to your son? Do Zechariah prayed for a child, but not for the sins of the people? Some people say, as they prayed for the sins of the people, and that was supposed to be a son to invoke the words: Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the GPEX world (Jn. 1, 29), the angel tells him as befits Hear your prayer, Zacharias, and God forgave the sins of the people. And then, as if he wanted to say: "How will it look like," Angel adds, is why I'm giving you a sign, because if you Elisabeth to give birth to a son. And as a result, what would Elizabeth to give birth, you need to convince that people sins are forgiven. 15-17. he will be great before the Lord, and shall not drink wine and Šiker, and will meet with the Holy Spirit in the womb of its mother, and many of the children of Israel will turn to the Lord their God. and he will go ahead before him in the spirit and power of Elijah to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous, and to come up to the Lord a people prepared. Content Blessed Theophylact, Archbishop of Ohrid TUMAČNjE Luke Foreword, 7 the first head, 8 second head 25 third head 33 The fourth head, 39 head of the fifth, six heads 47, 53 of the seventh head, 60 head of the eighth, ninth heads 67, 77 of ten heads, 548 Detailed information on the book title: St. Theophylact of Ohrid: Interpretation of the Gospel of Luke; Interpretation of the Gospel of John Publisher: The face of the holy Page 564 (cb) Cover: hard to wrap Letter: Latin Format: 21 cm Published: 2018


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